The Difference Between Oriental Rugs and Persian Rugs

persian vs oriental rug

There are a lot of instances where someone interchangeably use Oriental rugs to Persian rugs and vise versa. However, the two are separate and different. It is important that you know the difference between the two, especially when you are planning to buy a rug for your home. Knowing a fact or two about the two types of rug will help make you a wise decision, and will also help educate other people that will ask what type of rug that you have.

 

Oriental Rugs

In the strictest sense, Oriental rugs are made in Middle Eastern countries besides Iran. Rugs made from Western Europe, the USA, Belgium or other rug producing countries are considered as area rugs.

One common denominator between Oriental rugs and Persian rugs is that both are carefully hand-knotted. However, some rugs of this variety may come in as tufted. Hand-knotted rugs are made by manual labor (only with hands), while hand-tufted rugs are made with the aid of “gun” that speeds up the knotting process of the yarn used for making the rug. The “gun” used for knotting also helps in creating the pattern desired for the rug. Once the knotting is done, the rug is then glued to a backing material to put everything in place. Without the backing, the knots will not stay in place.

 

Persian Rugs

The reason why Persian rug is interchangeably referred to Oriental rugs is because it is a kind of Oriental rug. However, this type of rug is made only in Iran. Persian rugs are made specifically by skilled weavers of Iran, which previously was known as Persia. These artisans use a specific kind of single looping knot, which are not seen in other kinds of rugs. Turkish rug, for example, use double looping knots. This type of rug is mostly made of wool, but sometimes seen made out of cotton. Wool Persian rugs are commonly made out of camel hair wool, Manchester wool, and Kork Wool. If you are able to find a Persian rug made of silk, then you hit the jackpot. You should make sure that you give your rug excellent care and the type of care that it requires because what you have is rare and are less durable in comparison to rugs made of wool.

The question when buying or owning a rug is how to determine whether what you have is real or not. When buying a rug that is advertised as Persian, you may have to check the label that goes with it. If it is made from a country other than Iran, then what they are selling is not a real Persian rug. You may find rugs sold in the market made from Turkey, China, India, Afghanistan, Tibet or Nepal. But these rugs are not classified as Persian rugs, but Oriental rugs or area rugs.

Another indicator that a rug is Persian is its design and layout. They are specific to the country and is passed down from one generation to another for centuries. There are four common layout patterns that you will find in Persian rugs namely all-over layout, compartment layout, one-sided layout, and centered medallion layout. The motif found in Persian rugs may differ depending on the region where it is made.

Now that you know that difference between the two, you should be confident enough in buying your own Oriental or Persian rug. Always check the label that comes with the rug and check how it is made to make sure you are buying an authentic rug or now. A related article has been written on how to check the authenticity of a rug. You might want to read it as well.

Why Vintage Rugs Are on the Rise

buying vintage rugs

One of the greatest products that the human race was able to produce has the capacity to represent life because it has survived for generations – Vintage Rugs. Nowadays, it is quite common to see homes, houses, hotels, and other establishments to use rugs for aesthetics purposes. However, you can also see vintage rugs being displayed in different museums because it tells different stories. Vintage rugs are one of the many ways that historians were able to tell the lifestyle of upper-class people hundreds of years ago. The fact that these vintage rugs have survived over the years is a testament to the craftsmanship and skills of the rug makers in those times.

In today’s rug market, it can be said that the demand for these rugs has risen, which began rising in the past few years. Rug makers all throughout the globe, such as in Central Asia, have been creating unique rugs that are sought after by rug collectors. One thing that makes this unique and sought for is the fact that it is made of expensive materials like silk and cotton. This makes these rugs very competitive in the current market. In addition, these rugs come in vivid and colorful designs, which makes it more appealing to rug collectors and homeowners alike.

Vintage rugs come in a wide variety. This can be Persian, Oriental, or European. Oriental rugs, in particular, can be easily determined by their unique color and designs, which were influenced by the Chinese and the Himalayans. Persian rugs are also known for its unique patterns and color combination. While European rugs are known for its unique patterns influenced by different nations such as Spain, France, and Turkey. Many would opt not to buy and collect vintage rugs as it is very difficult to maintain them and keep them alive. Only those who are really devoted to these rugs have the guts to buy them and maintain them. Only a few can afford the cost of properly maintaining vintage rugs. However, it is not a hindrance to the rise in its demand.

If you are in the market to buy vintage rugs, it may be a bit difficult for you to determine whether one is authentic or not. There are a lot of rugs that are being sold as vintage in the rug market today. However, you have to know that not all rugs that are sold as vintage are over 100 years. Some have been made recently and have been made to look old. This is one thing that makes avid vintage rug buyers and collectors one notch higher than novice buyers. They can easily tell whether a vintage rug is authentic or not. It is recommended that you consult with an expert before buying a vintage rug. This will not only make you feel assured that you are buying the authentic, but will also assure you that your money is in safe hands.

Though buying and maintaining vintage rugs can come at a high cost, these rugs remain to be a must-have to the very few high-end décor collectors. No matter where they are sold, true antique collectors will in no time buy a plane ticket just to see these rugs and purchase them. The reason for this is because buying vintage rugs is a sure investment. With proper maintenance, its beauty, design, and pattern can become timeless. And it is for this reason that the demand for this type of rug is increasing as the years pass by.

Check out Silver Rug Cleaning if you’re looking for rug cleaning services for your vintage rugs.

Handmade Rugs: How To Check Them

handmade rugs

Rug production has been made easy in the modern times. Machines have been built to make the creation of things faster. The same is true when it comes to rug production. In the naked eye, every thing looks the same. However, a closer look would reveal whether a rug is handmade or not. Here are the things to look for to determine whether an oriental rug or any rug, is handmade or machine made:

Weaving at the Back. When checking whether a rug is handmade or not, you can start by checking its back. Look for weft threads, which can come in blue, red or white. Check whether these threads are horizontally woven. This can go all the way from the backside to the front side of the rug. It is also important to note that these wefts may not look even or straight as it is made by hand and not a machine.

Uneven Colored Knots. While you are checking the back of the rug for wefts, you may also check whether the colored knots under are uneven. This is a testament that the rug is made by hand. A machine made rug will show evenness and uniformed colored knots. For handmade rugs, some areas may be thicker and some areas can be thinner.

Check the Front. After checking the backside of the rug for wefts and unevenness, it is time for you to check the front part. Check its design. Again, check for unevenness. For handmade rugs, it is very rare to see the same size and shape of designs from end to end. This is especially true in older or vintage Oriental rugs.

Stripes. Still checking the front side of the rug, thin and thick stripes of color on the rug is good. There is uneven thinness or thickness of the color because they age differently in different atmosphere condition and lighting. In addition, the different in color is also due to the change in dye lot when the weaving process is being done. This change in color, known as “abrash”, should not diminish the value of the rug. In fact, it is a sign of its authenticity.

Tag. Some rugs, if you check the backside, would have tags stitched on it. If the tag says “Made In Iran”, then you have found a jackpot. Rugs made in Iran are surely made by hand. This is because they like tradition, and will most likely make rugs through the same tradition as years go by.

Wool Pile. If the rug you are checking is piled with polyester or nylon, then it is made the modern way. However, if you see a wool pile on it, then that rug you are checking is made by hand. Rugs made by hand are almost 100% woven with wool.

The one thing that you should always remember when shopping for rugs is unevenness. All you have to remember is that uneven is good. Uniform weaving on the backside of the rug is not good. At first glance, you will be able to determine whether a rug is handmade or not by checking its color, shape, and design. If it is uneven, then you have found a rug that is worth your money.

How to Maintain the Beauty of Your Vintage Persian Rugs

maintaining-a-vintage-rug

To maintain their beauty, quality and value, special care should be put into your vintage Persian rugs. Antique rugs can be very fragile and susceptible to damage with the conventional vacuuming and cleaning methods. So how do you care for your vintage Persian rug? Here are some tips to keep in mind.

  1. Immediately clean up any spills. If it forms into a stubborn stain, try to blot the spill with a Turkish towel dipped in club soda.
  2. Get your vintage rug repaired as soon as you notice some damage. Beetles and moths can destroy a rug’s appearance. If your rug shows signs of insect infestation or damage, take it out to be deep cleaned. Meanwhile, work on ridding your home of these insects.
  3. Put a cushion or carpet pad under your vintage rug to give it added protection from fading, as well as wear and tear.
  4. Vacuum both sides of your rug, being careful that you do not include the fringes. Make sure that you use just enough force so it cleans without damaging the rug. If you need to use a beater brush, put it in the lowest setting so it has the least amount of contact to your rug.
  5. Be cautious when you let small kids and pets get near a vintage rug. Monitor the activities of the kids so there are no accidental spills or damage, and make sure that the pet has been house trained.
  6. Ensure that your Persian rug is dry at all times. Wetness and moisture can lead to permanent damage. If your rug gets wet, immediately dry it with a vacuum or fan. As a precaution, keep water away from your rug. Position it away from plants, drinks and pipes.
  7. Every year, make it a point to turn over your Persian rug. It’s important that you give both sides equal exposure to traffic so it lasts longer. Use sunlight exposure and wear as your guide in knowing the right time to turn it over. If your rug goes through more sunlight exposure and wear than the usual, turn it over sooner.
  8. Regularly take your vintage rugs to a professional rug care specialist to get it rewoven and re-fringed. You can also get it deep cleaned. Never attempt to do deep cleaning on your own.

A rug adds warmth and beauty to any space, and it will do so for a long time for as long as you make an effort to clean and protect it from damage. Contact a vintage rug expert to give you more tips on caring for your precious Persian rug.

Buying Vintage Persian Rugs: What to Look For

hand-woven-rugs

Made by skilled artisans, vintage Persian rugs are one of the most sought-after kind of rugs because of their beauty, craftsmanship and durability. There are so many kinds of Persian rugs available, from machine-made to genuine artisan to collector items. And if you’re like most people, you are after a genuine Persian rug with a price that’s worth shelling out money for.

When buying one, it is important that you have some knowledge on what to look for. The many aspects of buying one can be a bit overwhelming for some. Fortunately, we have rounded up for you some tips in ensuring that you get a Persian rug of high quality that will best fit your needs. Read on and be educated on the most essential aspects to look into when choosing a rug.

  • Age. A Persian rug is considered vintage when it’s at least 100 years old, and have become popular collectibles. Those between 50 and 99 years are called semi-vintage. A well-cared, handmade Persian rug will increase its value over time.
  • Dye. Naturally-dyed Persian rugs are about 30 percent more expensive those with synthetic dye. However, despite their more authentic look, natural dyes come in limited colors and tend to fade over time compared to synthetic the more resilient synthetic ones.
  • Knot. Referring to the number of knots there is per square inch, the knot density greatly affects the quality of the rug. Persian rugs have anywhere between 30 and 300 knots per square. Anything lower than 30 and you’ll have a coarse rug of low quality.
  • Size. Consider the place where you plan to position the rug, and take the necessary measurements, all the while being flexible on the size. Remember that the bigger the Persian rug, the more expensive it is.
  • Wool. You have a choice between hand- or machine-spun. The former is considered to be more valuable as doing it by hand gives every rug a certain kind of uniqueness. However, rug spun with a machine gives a more uniform and even look.

Buying vintage Persian rugs these days have become very easy and convenient because of the internet. However, it has also become very easy for buyers to fall prey on malicious sellers selling fake items online. So aside from being careful and vigilant, you also have to have at least some know-how on what you’re buying. Contact a vintage Persian rug expert now more tips.

The Latest Home Interior Trend: Vintage Carpets

vintage-rugs

Numerous designers as well as home and lifestyle magazines are stating antique carpet is the current obsession right now in the interior design market. Fancy hotels, resorts and other high-end buildings are all getting in on the band wagon.

Carpets, which can be expensive but can worth more as they age, and therefore a lot of people consider as a valuable investment, are currently used as luxurious and even hip interior decoration.

Why are they so valuable?

Hand woven rugs such as these are a living background, recording unforgettable individuals and occasions. Handed down from one generation to another as family heirlooms, these antique carpets are a fundamental part of our culture. Some consider them their most valued possessions, because these antique rugs are masterpieces which have a number of practical uses. Local artisans and master weavers invest hours weaving complex patterns, designs and even images right into them. It’s no surprise that they have actually been utilized like money for hundreds of years. Hand woven carpets are made by various societies around the world from Asia to Europe to South America. Unlike other forms of art, they can last a long time, with some being over 2 thousand years old.

Vintage Rugs from Europe

When the Muslim Moors conquered and ruled in Europe between the 8th to 13th centuries, Europe was introduced to carpet weaving mainly via Spain. The journeys of Marco Polo and Spanish consular offices to Venice were largely responsible for this. Some of the most noteworthy designs to stem from Europe are the French Savonnerie and Aubusson designs of the 17th and 18th centuries.

French Savonnerie, began in Paris (1628), generated luxuriant carpets mainly for use in royal residences, customized order and royal demand. Artists were managing the manufacturing of carpet orders, so their impact is very noticeable. Scenes from the Savonnerie vintage carpets illustrate the magnificence of the age, flower garlands, decorative concepts as well as natural blossoms. Vintage carpets with charming scenes of the Middle Ages are also are common in the latter part of this period.

Vintage carpets of the Abusson design, reported to have actually started in the 8th century, were officially developed in 1743, with the introduction of an imperial carpet and rug manufacturing facility. The preliminary products from this manufacturing facility were reproductions of Turkish and Smyrna carpets. Patterns were much less complex compared to those generated in Savonnerie.

Vintage Rugs from India

Throughout the 16th century, Humayan, the son of the first Moghul Shah, was banished to Persia by an Afgan rebellion 10 years after Babur’s, his father, death. Throughout his 9 years in Persia, he developed a preference for Persian art. When he returned to India, he brought with him 2 expert Persian artists. Popular for their artworks, these Persian artists started the Moghul institution of arts which combined Indian and Persian designs.

This was the basis for Humayan’s child, Akbar, to facilitate the growth of creative markets and art industries. The earliest documented proof of carpet weaving came around this time, commending Akbar for supporting creative weaving as well as the arts as a whole.

Early antique Indian carpets include free and abstract patterns with little symmetry. Floral and animal designs are common motifs, with some creatures having a number of heads and also feasting on each other. Realistic art and Hindu folklore are both significant attributes of antique Indian carpets. Abstract designs and heavy decorations likewise differentiate antique Indian carpets from others.

Vintage Indian carpets, renown for their lively shades, were created with their popular dyes. All the shades of the rainbow were drawn out from their local produce and flowers. Local animals became the source of wool mostly used for weaving. But silk was also available and often used.

It is not surprising that these luxurious artworks are currently on trend right now. From elegance to usefulness as well as flooring covering to wall surface decor, antique carpets will definitely stay for good.