Persian rugs are an integral part of Iran’s culture and art. In fact, the rug is named after the previous name of their country, which was Persia. In 15th and 16th century, Persian rug weaving was on its peak. Since then, Persian carpets and rugs had made their marks in the Persian art and culture. Because of its popularity, the number of weavers in Iran has gone up to 1.2 million. They produce rugs and carpets for domestic use and international exports. Persian rug export is actually considered as the most non-oil product that is exported to more than 100 countries all over the world. Because of this, different communities in Iran have been producing this type of rugs to meet the demand.
There are different types of Persian rugs that are being sold in the market today. However, the three most popular rugs are Shiraz rugs, Tabriz rugs, and Ishafan rugs. This article will help you distinguish each type of rug. This will hopefully help you the next time you set out for a new Persian rug for your home.
Shiraz Persian Rugs
As the name suggests, this type of rug is produced near the city of Shiraz in Iran. This type of rug is most popular with the asymmetrical manner that it is being knotted. This means that you may see them as a not-so-finely knotted rug. Just like other Persian rugs, Shiraz rugs are made by hand. Once they are completed, they are directly sold in the market from the homes of the weavers. They can be seen in simple geometric designs, which oftentimes come with a pole ornament found in the center. They come mostly in red and brown colors. The most common motif with Shiraz rugs is the diamond pastilles. You will also see pine leaves and palm designs at the border of these rugs. These rugs are made to symbolize nightingales, which are believed to be a symbol of happiness and serenity.
Tabriz Persian Rugs
Tabriz Persian rugs are also known with the name Azerbaijan rugs. This is because this rug comes from the capital city of East Azerbaijan, which is Tabriz. This type of rug is commonly seen to have a medallion shape design, pictorial designs, Herati designs, and 3-D shapes. The colors of red and blue are most commonly seen in Tabriz rugs. They are also accented with the Ivory color. In contemporary rug production, these rugs can also be seen containing the colors brown, green, and blue, but are used sparingly. Considered as the most beautiful rug in the world, Tabriz rugs have played an important role in the Persian culture and art. If you happen to own a Tabriz rug, then you are in luck as this type of rug is the most popular and probably the most expensive one out there. This will surely last a lifetime as it is made with great quality wool and cotton.
Ishafan Persian Rugs
Ishafan is another city in Iran that is popular for the rugs that it produces. This type of rug is the most in-demand in western culture and countries. They are hand woven, which come in the colors of blue, rose, and indigo accented with an ivory background. Unlike Shiraz rugs, this type of rug is made in a symmetrical pattern. You will see a single medallion surrounded by vines and palmettos all over the rug. If you want balance, this will be the perfect rug for you. Just like the other two rugs, these are also made to last several lifetimes. Most of these rugs are made of wool, and sometimes silk.